Monthly Archives: September 2012

FGM IN 21ST CENTURY AT DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

Summer holiday circumcision: girls’ bodies at riskIn twenty-first century we have money countries who banned FGM and made it illegal to practice FGM. But still there are many other developed countries such as Britain that you will find some doctors are still practicing. I was very surprised to read an article that was published by one of the famous newspaper in UK the Guardian. The article said ” Some 500 to 2,000 British schoolgirls will be genital mutilated over the summer holidays. Some will be taken abroad, others will be “cut” or circumcised and sewn closed here in the UK by women already living here or who are flown in and brought to “cutting parties” for a few girls at a time in a cost-saving exercise.” It was very interesting to watch some of the videos report and interviews that they have conducted. Here it is you can see

Female circumcision growing in Britain despite being illegal

Female Genital Mutilation

Female Genital  Mutilation

Phase Obne:

     On my class project I have to blog about an issue that is effecting a group  of people. I am choosing to write about Female genital Mutation. Unfortunately this an ongoing dilemma that many girls from many parts of the world face. Such as Somalia, the place that I came from. I had witnessed many terrible mental and physical effect on many girls on this act. When I was young I had witnessed many girls go through female genital mutilation including me. The main reason why some cultures practice female genital mutilation is because of certain belief that it reduces a woman’s libido. This is their way of keeping their daughters safe from losing their virginity before marriage. For instance, in Somalia it is shame for a girl to have sex before marriage, and not only to her, but to her whole family.  Girls were told that this is part of who they are. If they don’t get circumcise this way they will not become good girls. On the other hand when I come to this country I had witnessed so many girls go to hospital after they get married to get surgery so that they don’t feel pain during intercourse.According to World Health organization, facts about FGM are as listed

  • Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
  • The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women.
  • Procedures can cause severe bleeding and problems urinating, and later cysts, infections, infertility as well as complications in childbirth increased risk of newborn deaths.
  • About 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of FGM.
  • FGM is mostly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and age 15.
  • In Africa an estimated 92 million girls 10 years old and above have undergone FGM.
  • FGM is a violation of the human rights of girls and women.

Source. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/

As I said, this issue has deep effect on my community that is why i chose to write about this issue and I hope I will help educate people about FGM.


PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN WHO GET FGM

Cultural Relativism vs. Human Rights

There is serious disagreement about whether the practice of FGM is an issue of cultural relativism or an issue of human rights. Some Western anthropologistshave equated the practice of FGM with such Western practices as breast augmentation and tattooing. This agrument is flawed, however, for at least two important reasons. The first is that in both the examples given, the subjects making these decisions must, by law, be adults. This is not the case with FGM, whose subjects are often as young as three. The second flaw in this argument is that neither breast augmentation nor tattoing impede natural body functions, in the way FGM can. The argument has also been made that FGM is analogous to male circumcision, which is a common practice in the West. While it is true that both procedures are cultural traditions that have no real health benefits, there are major differences between the two. The most important difference between FGM and male circumcision is that, again, FGM impedes the natural functioning of the female body in ways that male circumcision does not.

There has also been serious debate within the African American community about FGM. While some African American women see the West’s attack on FGM as “ethnocentric,” African American novelist Alice Walker has written about her oppostion to the practice. Walker has produced a documentary and published a book, both entitled “Warrior Marks,” based on her experiences investigating FGM in Western Africa. In the following footage from the documentary “Women Under Attack,” Walker shares an interview from her “Warrior Marks” documentary. If you want to see this video click here.

Many human rights organizations agree with Alice Walker, and view FGM as a violation of human rights, calling for its eradication. In a meeting in Geneva this year, three UN agencies announced efforts to end FGM. These agencies, The World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and UNICEF, asked for world support for their goal, calling FGM an “unsafe and unjustifiable traditional practice.” Amnesty International has also come out against FGM, saying “the practice is a form of violence and a violation of boldily integrity.” Non-Western organizations such as the Egyptian Human Rights Organisation (EOHR) have also joined this capaign. Egypt has been a battleground in the struggle to eradicate FGM, where the practice is currently banned. The goal of EOHR is to teach Egyptians “the harms of the operation to both individuals and society and to clarify that this pagan custom has no connection with Islam.”

Blog Phase1

My first blog had several goals to achieve.

1)  The first goal is  to research and demonstrate and considered several topics, and decided upon one global issue or problems that you have a personal interest in spending the semester researching and conducting a global to local service project around.

I have decided to write about issue that I personally experienced and had global and local effect on several communities around the world. I have chosen to talk about FGM or Female Genital Mutilation.

2) The second goal is to demonstrate  thorough understanding of all of the factors that are part of the global problem, such as who, what, when, where and how of this problem or issue.

After researching why communities around the world practice FGM, I have come to conclusion that, culture had big role of practicing genital mutilation. People around the word respect their culture and take it serous.

3) The third goal is to provide a wide variety of ways to illustrate the problem, including text, and all of the multi-media possibilities available on a blog.

I have provided Pictures, videos, graphs to illustrate and emphasize the issue of FGM.

4) The fourth goal is to tie the problem and issues to the course, vocabulary, concepts and methods, including the concepts and vocabulary presented below

I have use all the methods, vocabulary as much as  I can use them.

5)  The fifty goal is to demonstrate the use the thinking methods presented in the course to describe the research you have undertaken.

I have demonstrated and that Female genital mutilation is and still have big impact on many lives around the world. I have researched and found many method that are presented in the course. For example is that FGM is tope issue when it cames to human right and human right advocated deal with it every day. To prevent the spread of this practice any more.

Documentry Video of Girls Getting Getial Mutilation

As we know many of the word have educated now more than ever about FGM but still there are placed that practice these act. Some of the most practiced placed in world are Arica and Asia. Africa is where I am focusing on my study now since I am from Africa and I am one of these people who get affected. I have video that shows little girls getting Genital Mutilation in the village. Usual girls are gathered a ceremony of mutilation and then they get circumisize one by one.

The History of Female Genital Mutilation

The History of  Female Genital Mutilation

Phase One:

     Female genital mutilation is practiced around the world.  Africa is the most effected continent but it was firs practiced in Australia during 1900 as a method of ‘curing the precocious masturbator’ according to Elizabeth A. Estabrooks. Even as late as 1979, Dr. James E. Burt was performing Sunna circumcision on women in the United States. While Dr. Burt was stopped, the practice continues in the United States, having been reintroduced (or maintained) by immigrants. One report commissioned by Rep. Louise M. Slaughter estimates that more than 160,000 girls and/or women have been or are at risk of FGM in the U.S. “Sunna” circumcision is the removal of the prepuce and/or the tip of the clitoris.
Female genital mutilation is classified into four major types.

Source WHO

  • Clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals) and, in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris).
  • Excision: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora (the labia are “the lips” that surround the vagina).
  • Infibulation: narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. The seal is formed by cutting and repositioning the inner, or outer, labia, with or without removal of the clitoris.
  • Other: all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes, e.g. pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterizing the genital area.